What is a mortgage closing?

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Mortgage closing marks the final stage in securing financing for a property purchase, refinance, title (ownership) change, or a lender switch.  A mortgage closing follows specific steps that are either overseen by a real estate lawyer, notary, or a title agent.  While a “closing” typically refers to closing a home purchase or sale, a mortgage closing involves facilitating a process amongst key parties such as your bank or lender, your mortgage broker, and the land registry office.  

Let’s dive right in.  

What does a mortgage closing mean?

To simplify, a mortgage closing is crucial for finalizing the mortgage transaction.  It involves signing legal documents, transferring funds, discharging and registering a mortgage, and establishing property ownership. Mortgage closing is pivotal final step solidifying the terms of the mortgage agreement.

Who performs a mortgage closing?

In Canada, a real estate lawyer or notary public plays a vital role in mortgage closing, representing both the lender and the borrower. Their expertise ensures compliance with laws and regulations while safeguarding the interests of all parties involved.

Do I need a mortgage closing?

A mortgage closing is a critical find step in finalizing your mortgage.  For the most part, this is not a step that you can perform yourself as your lender will likely require you to work with a qualified lawyer or notary to ensure all steps are completed and that your mortgage closes on time.

What are the typical steps of a mortgage closing? 

Depending on the type of mortgage and the province of your property,  a mortgage closing may encompass various steps.    Here are some of the most common steps you can expect during a mortgage closing.

Mortgage Instructions and Payout statements

Your lawyer or notary receives mortgage documents, often called mortgage instructions from your lender.  In a mortgage refinancing transaction, your current mortgage lender will send your lawyer a payout statement, indicating your outstanding mortgage balance and any penalties that may be owed if you break the terms of your mortgage.   Mortgage instructions play a key role in the mortgage closing as well.  Mortgage instructions are an internal document that your lawyer will use to identify key information as well as any conditions that must be fulfilled prior to your mortgage funding.

Conducting Title Searches

Before closing, a title search verifies property ownership and identifies any encumbrances. This protects both lender and borrower interests by ensuring a clear title transfer.

Preparing Legal Documents

A lawyer prepares essential documents such as the mortgage agreement and transfer of ownership documents, according to your lender’s instructions. These include deeds and titles, ensuring accuracy and compliance with legal requirements.

Facilitating Fund Transfer

Once the mortgage conditions have been satisfied, your lawyer facilitates the transfer of funds from the lender.  Lawyers oversee the seamless transfer of mortgage funds between lender and borrower on the closing day, ensuring timely availability and accuracy.

Signing Legal Documents

 Borrowers meet with lawyers to sign mortgage-related documents, including agreements and transfer papers. Lawyers ensure proper execution and documentation.

Registering Mortgage

Once all documents are signed, Lawyers register the mortgage with land registry offices, documenting the mortgage lien against the property and establishing the lender's security interest.

Disbursing Funds

Post-registration, lawyers disburse mortgage funds, paying off existing mortgages or liens and distributing funds to relevant parties.

The bottom line

A mortgage closing is a critical stage in property transactions, with legal expertise essential for smooth execution. By understanding the intricacies of mortgage closing and the pivotal role of lawyers, Canadian homeowners can navigate the process confidently and securely.

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Unlock Your Seamless Closing Experience

Your Journey to a Worry-Free Closing Starts Here!